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AGGIE LIFE. 



VOL. XII. 



AMHERST. MASS.. OCTOBER 2. 1901. 



NO. 1 



Published Fortnightly by Students of the Massachusetts Agricultural College. 
Students and Alumni are requested to contribute. Communications should be addressed. Aoo.a Lint, Amherst. Mass. Aoo.e L.re will be sent 
to all subscribers until its discontinuance Is ordered and arrears are paid. Subscribers who do not receive their paper regularly are requested to notify 
the Business Manager. , 

BOARD OF EDITORS. 

HOWARD LAWTON KNIGHT. 1902, Editor-in-Chief. 

LEANDER CHAP1N CLAFLIN. 1902, Business Manager. 

WILLIAM ETHERINCTON ALLEN. 1903, Assistant Business Manager. 
VICTOR ADOLPH GATES. 1902. Athletics. CHARLES MILTON KINNEY. 1902, Intercollegiate. 

RICHARD HENDRIE ROBERTSON, 1903, Department Notes. CLAUDE ISAAC LEWIS. 1902. 

NEIL FRANCIS MONAHAN. 1903, College Notes. MYRON HOWARD WEST, 1903. Alumni Notes. 

FAYETTE DICKINSON COUDEN. 1904. ARTHUR LEE PECK. 1904. 



Terms, tUHTp^r gear in adcance. Single Co pies, 10c. Post ag e^ outa ide o» United States end Canada, 28c. extr a. 



Y. M. C. A. 
Foot- Ball Association, 
College Boarding Club, 
Readir.g-Room Association, 



LIFE'S DIRECTORY. 



D. N. WEST, Pres. 
V. A. Gates, Manager. 
C. P. Halligan, Sec. 
J.C. Hall, Sec. 



Athletic Association, 
Base-Ball Association, , 

Nineteen Hundred and Three Index, 
Fraternity Conference, 



Prof. R. E. Smith, Sec. 
V. A. Gates, Manager, 
G. L. Barrus. Manager. 
H. L. Knight, Pres. 



Entered at the Post Office as second-class mall matter. 



Edi-tbri&ls. 



Attention is called to the generous offer of Mr. 
H. D. Hemenway in another column. We have iong 

[believed that many of our alumni might easily mani- 
fest their regard for their Alma Mater in some such 
practical way as this. We hope his efforts will be 

i crowned with success. 



We regret to learn of the embarassing predicament 
[of the Connecticut Agricultural College, and we earn- 
estly hope that the institution will be able to weather 
the storm. Various stories are afloat as to the cause 
of the trouble, but it seems to be conceded that the 
[retiring president, while probably correct In his theo- 
ries, exhibited lamentable want of tact in many of his 
proceedings. The entire affair is certainly much to 
regretted, and we desire to assure the students of 
|that college of the sincere sympathy of her sister 
institutions. 



We desire to announce a slight change in the as- 
signments of the board of editors. It has been evi- 
dent for some time that the Exchange Department 
was of little interest either to students or alumni. It 
is accordingly discontinued and the Department of 
Intercollegiate Notes will be substituted. Mr. Kinney 
will however retain general oversight of the Exchanges 
and those from Institutions of collegiate rank or which 
are otherwise of special interest to our students will 
from time to time be placed in the reading-room as 
in the past. All other exchanges will be kept on file 
at Mr. Kinney's room, and students desiring particular 
exchanges should consult Mr. Kinney. 



To every student, old or new, the Life extends a 
most cordial welcome. Never has the outlook been 
more encouraging, or the opportunities for honest, 
painstaking work so good. It is a golden Inheritance 
that the grand old Commonwealth has prepared for us 
here. Let us prove ourselves thoroughly worthy. 
To the upper classmen we would say, " Yours is the 
authority ; but yours also the responsibility. See that 






X H $ i 



AGGIE LIFE. 



AGGIE LIFE. 



you use it aright." To the Sophomores, " Yours is 
the experience gained in a year's tribulation— see that 
you do not forget it ; let the Freshmen derive such 
benefit from it as they may." And to the Freshmen. 
■• You are here for a purpose ; that purpose is to learn. 
Not all your information will come from your books 
In the class room. Many a needed lesson will come 
in other ways. Take them all and be patient. Try 
to get familiar with our customs and traditions. They 
are dear to us ; see that you respect them. And 
above all. remember that ' he who would command 
must first learn to obey'." 



The adoption of a new college yell by the student 
body is most decidedly a move in the right direction. 
It has long been felt that none of the old yells were at 
ail satisfactory. Not only were they so poorly con- 
structed that they fell far short of producing the vol- 
ume which so large a body of students should have 
obtained, but they were also objectionable in that they 
referred to the college as " Aggie " entirely neglect- 
ing the word •• Massachusetts." This college is and 
has been the state college of Massachusetts ; it is but 
fitting that this fact be recognized In student activities. 
Whatever may have been the sentiment of the student 
body in the past or the intention of the founders, the 
trustees or anyone else, the fact remains that to-day 
college opinion is emphatically in favor of replacing 
the word "Aggie," representing but one line of our 
work, and not the line of greatest Interest to our stu- 
dents at that, by the word " Massachusetts " in grate- 
ful recognition of what the old Bay State has done 
and is doing for our college. The adoption of a new 
college yell is but the beginning of a series of move- 
ments to this end. 



least one instance long before that time, are always 
provided with eminently suitable songs. We print 
elsewhere the class song of the last graduating class 
as a type. Every Index, too, has a fair supply of 
poetical efforts. Can it be that the student body is 
more willing to exert itself in support of a single class 
than for the whole college? We hardly believe so— 
yet the only other explanation is the old. familiar yet 
ever-fatal one of indifference. But whatever the rea- 
son, it is anything but creditable for an institution our 
size and rank to find itself after over thirty years with- 
out a single song worthy of the name. We recom- 
mend that vigorous measures be taken at once to 
remedy the defect. Let the Senate, the Glee club or 
perhaps a specially appointed committee consider the 
problem at once and take steps to provide us with a 
new song of which we may all be proud. 



The adoption of a new college yell but reveals even 
more plainly our entire lack of something nearly as 
important, a good, stirring, college song. We have 
referred to this already on more than one occasion, 
because we feel that it is now one of our most serious 
defects. Nor can we see any reason for being in 
such a predicament. To say that there is no stuient. 
either past or present, who possesses ability enough 
to compose something adequate to our needs, would 
be to cast a siur on the college as undeserved as it 
would be false. Our classes at graduation and in at 



Seldom has the outlook for a creditable football 
team been more encouraging than at the present time. 
In view of the large number of last year's team who 
did not return this fall, we had expected to struggle 
through the season with the discouraging handicap of 
an almost entirely inexperienced team. The result 
of the opening game shows that we are to be agreeably 
disappointed. The unusually large entering class has 
brought with it a large amount of excellent material. 
This fact, together with the vigorous work of Coach 
Hunt and the generous co-operation of the Military 
Department has already more than offset the double 
disadvantage of a " green" team and a far shorter period 
than usual for preparatory practice. The work thus far 
indicatss possibilities for the team far greater than 
those possessed by any previous team. The decisive 
victory of Saturday over Holy Cross was in itself a 
most creditable achievement and one that must add 
considerably to the prestige of the college In athletic 
circles. Still, even in the moment of victory we can 
not forbear to add a word of caution. Too often in 
the past we have seen teams doing the seemingly im- 
possible and then, weakening, losing to far inferior 
rivals. Our hardest and most Important games are 
yet to be played ; and it is to be remembered that if 
we are to make a good showing we must do it not be- 
cause of a single victory early In the season but be- 
cause of steady hard work and consistent practice. 



1 



It goes without saying that the best success of any 
college comes when the several members, the trus- 
tees, the faculty, the alumni and the student body are 
working harmoniously together. It follows that any 
action or influence which tends to disturb the good- 
feeling between the different branches is if possible to 
avoided. For this reason we were much pained to 
learn of the recent action of the faculty in several of 
the cases recently brought b -fore its notice. To crit- 
icize the faculty is a most delicate and unpleasant 
task ; moreover it Is one in which it Is easy for the 
critic to err because of insufficient knowledge of all 
the circumstances. Yet as the representatives of the 
student body we must admit that in at least one in- 
stance the decree of the faculty seems to the student 
mind inconsistent and unnecessarily severe. Depre- 
dations on the college vineyards and orchards are 
doubtless annoying to those in charge and probably 
cause some injury and expense. Yet we respectfully 
submit that in and of themselves they do not appear 
to us to be of suff'cient importance to justify so severe 
a sentence as indefinite suspension from college. In 
our opinion they are far preferable to wholesale raids 
on the property of private individuals or of similar acts 
of public lawlessness which pass unchecked in other 
institutions, since they in no way detract from the 
good name of the college in the eyes of the public. 
We do not wish to be understood as justifying the 
practice in any way. Punishment in such cases is de- 
served and expected ; but to place it on a par with 
hazing, habitual drunkenness and similar offences for 
which indefinite suspension is usually reserved is man- 
ifestly an injustice. Nor can we understand why this 
particular case should be so much more severely 
treated than similar cases in the past. It may be as 
we have said that there were ample reasons ; to the 
average student It seems Inconsistent at best. We 
cannot but hope that some milder punishment will 
yet be selected. 



THE INSOLENT FRESHMAN. 

" Say Ed . you see that chumpy-looking freshman 
over there ? Well, he's the most insolent chap I 
have ever seen. Guess what he said to ' Bill ' this 
morning." 

"Out with it old boy, out with it." 

" Well, * Bill ' met him on his way to ' hash ' and 



said • Hello freshman. What's your nam* ? ' 'The 
cur turning round looked him in the eyes and said : ' 
•Just a moment, I'll give you my card.' Then thrust- 
ing his hands in his pocket, he began a seemingly dil- 
igent search for one. and finally having kept • Bill ' 
waiting for five minutes', just think for five minutes, 
he sarcastically said: • I forgot I left them at home, 
sorry to have kept you waiting so long, good morn- 
ing.' and passed on. ' Now, Ed. I consider that a 
downright slap In the face to the whole sophomore 
class, and something must be done to teach the cur 
that he is a freshman." 

"That's true 'Jim,' these fellows come here and 
think they are as good as any one. Now we have 
got to impress upon, not only that fellow, but the whole 
freshman class that they are only freshman and as 
such must respect all upper classmen, the sopho- 
mores included. Why at this rate they will soon be 
smoking on the campus, and we've got to stop it." 

Such was the conversation between Jim Walters 
and Ed. Mansfield, two sophomores, who had just re- 
turned to College from their summer vacation. As 
the above incident occurred on the opening day of 
College, it will not be surprising to old college stu- 
dents that the anger of the sophomores was Indeed 
very great; and plans were immediately formulated to 
impress upon the and insolent freshmen the exact 
relation between the two classes, and incidently the 
autocracy of the sophomores. It is such Incidents 
and their results that afford so much pleasure to the 
student, and make college life so dear to us all. 

A meeting of the sophomore class was called and 
after a great speech by the class president who urged 
his classmates to " Awake, arise.or be forever fallen," 
It was decided to give the freshmen an introduction to 
the silent depths of the beauntiful lake which adorns 
the College grounds. 

The only trouble that presented itself was the diffi- 
culty of getting into the freshman's room, for unusual 
pains had been used in securing the locks on the 
doors of all rooms occupied by freshmen. In order 
to overcome this difficulty, Charles Barnes, the lead- 
ing sophomore and designer of the plan, was to make 
a visit to the unfortunate freshman In the guise of the 
secretary of the Y. M. C. A. and while in his room, by 
some ruse, was to fix the latch so that it could not be 
securely fastened that night ; after which he was to 






AGGIE LIFE 



AGGIE LIFE. 






keep watch for any undesired persons and after the 
lapse of a certain time was to meet the remainder of 
the actors and take a leading part in the baptism. 

A little before ten. Barnes knocked on the door of 
his intended victim, receiving no answer, he tried the 
door-knob, and to his great surprise and delight the 
door opened, and in he went. He had scarcely en- 
tered when he heard approaching voices and recog- 
nized one as the voice of a freshman whom he knew 
and knowing that if he were seen, the whole scheme 
would be at once frustrated, he at once sought refuge 
In the bed-room. He then threw himself on the bed, 
and covering himself as well as he could with the 
scattered clothes, decided to remain so until the 
freshman should retire and then to quickly spring 
upon him and thus escape without being recognized. 
For even a sophomore does not like to be caught in 
a freshman's bed-room. 

The two freshmen entered the room and after a 
few moment's conversation, the visiting freshman left 
leaving behind a book, which his friend hastened to 
carry to him. 

The hiding sophomore distinctly heard the depart- 
ure of the first, but failed to hear the desired fresh- 
man leave the room, and making himself secure In 
the bed-clothing patiently awaited for the moment 
when he should enter his bed-room. 

In the meantime, the remaining five sophomores, 
who had been selected to bring the freshman from 
his room, not hearing anything from Barnes, concluded 
that, that individual had carried out his part of the 
programme. Stealthily they glided along to the room 
of the unfortunate freshman, and finding the door un- 
locked, they all entered. Not seeing him in his study 
that at once decided that he must have retired and 
hence went to the bed-room. At once seeing that 
the bundle of clothes on the bed was a little larger 
than it should actually have been, they knew that the 
freshman hearing their entrance had crouched him- 
self up in the position in order to deceive them. In 
a second five pairs of hands were lightening the clothes 
around the head and body of the crouching fellow. 
So quickly was it all done that their victim had not 
time to make his Intended spring or to utter one 
word. The five were happy that he had covered him- 
self, for it served their purpose well in not being rec- 
ognized. Silently they carried their struggling load 



down to the water's edge. Then after an impressive 
ceremony in which the duties of a freshman were 
enumerated and the virtues of the sophomores were 
extolled, a struggling sophomore silently (for he could 
not utter a distinct word) cursing the fate that decreed 
him to act as the secretary of the Y. M. C. A., was 
given a ducking that was intended for another. 

And the ever-to-be-remembered part is that the 
•' insolent freshman" saw it all. 

" He who laughs last laughs best." 

w. w. P 



THE ENTERING CLASS. 

Richard L. Adams. Jamaica Plair. 

G. Howard Allen. Somerville 

Francis A. Bartlett, Belchertown 

Clarence E. Brett, Brockton 

Fred W. Brigham. Ashburnham 

Ernest C. Bruce, Westboro 

Chester M. Carter, Leominster 

Harvey D. Crosby, Rutland 

Miss Esther C. Cushman, Northampton 

Harry B. Filer, Belchertown 

John J. Gardner, Milford 
Herbert H. Goodenough, Saratoga Springs. N. Y. 

Edwin L. Graves. Hatfield 

Arthur W. Hall, Jr., North Amherst 

John H. Hamblin. Falmouth 

Chas. S. Holcomb. Tariffville, Conn 

Walter B. Hatch. Falmouth 

Thomas F. Hunt. Amherst 

Frank F. Hutchings, So. Amherst 

Norman D. Ingham, Granby 

James R. Kelton, Orange 

John H. Knight, Middleton 

Edward T. Ladd. Winchester 

Joseph H. Ladd. Jr., Watertown 

John F. Lyman, Amherst 

Richard R. Lyman. Montague 

Chas. E. Merrill, Jr., Melrose 

James B. Monahan, So. Framingham 

Willard A. Munson. Aurora, III. 
Edwin W. Newhall. San Francisco, Cal. 

William J. O'Neil, Ayer 

George R. Paige. Amherst 

Geo. W. Patch. Lexington 

Louis E. Peck, South Egremont 



Fr> C. Pray. 

Chas. A. Porter, 

Lyman A. Ransehausen, 

Elmer E. Rhodes, 

Justus C. Richardson. 

Miss Monica L. Sanborn, 

William M. Sears. 

Robert E. Smith, 

Chas. E. Sprague, 

Hatold D. Straw, 

Allen W. Swain, 

Albert D. Taylor, 

Harold F. Tompson, 

Henry B. Tinkham, 

Bertram Tupper, 

Lewell S. Walker, 

Thomas F. Walsh. 

Chester L. Whittaker, 

Percy F. Williams, 

F. K. Williams, 

Grenville W. Willis, 

Frederick L. Yeaw, 

A. Russell Paul, 

Frederick H. Plumb, '02. 

Raymond E. Huntington (B. U 

Wm. H. Craighead, 

Erwin S. Fulton, '04; 

Michael F. Ahearn, '04, 

Walter A. Smith, '04. 

POST GRADUATE COURSES. 

Geo. A. Billings. '95. Amherst 

Henry A. Ballou, '95, Amherst 

SENIOR ELECTIVES. 

The Senior class has chosen its electives as follows - 

Course 1. Agriculture, Political Economy and 
Veterinary Science, J. H. Belden, J. C. Hall. 

Course 2. Agriculture, Chemistry and Veterinary 
Science, F. R. Church. L. C. Claflin. 

Course 3. Political Economy, English and Ger- 
man, S. L. Smith. 

Course 4. Mathematics, Political Economy and 
French, R. W. Morse. 

Course 5. Mathematics, Engineering and Political 
Economy, H. L. Bodfish. V. A. Gates. 0. F. Cooley. 

Course 6. Chemistry, Veterinary Science and 



Natick 

Boston 

Springfield 

North Attleboro 

West Dracut 

Salem 

Brockton 

So. Hadley Falls 

West Springfield 

Guilford, Me. 

New Dorchester 

Westford 

Jamaica Plain 

So. Swansea 

Barre 

Natick 

Ayer 

Somerville 

Natick 

Collinsville, Conn. 

Becket 

Winthrop 

Framingham 

Bridgeport, Conn. 

1905) Newton Cen. 

Washington, D. C. 

Lynn 

Framingham 

Amherst 



German. L. A. CoOk. C. M. Kinney. H. L. Knight. E. 
F. McCobb. 

Course 7. Botany, Chemistry and German. T. M. 
Carpenter. 

Course 8. Botany, Entomology and German, F. 
H. Plumb, D. W. West. 

Course 9. Botany, Entomology and Horticulture, 
A. L. Dacy. J. M. Deilea, H. E. Hodgkiss, C. I. 
Lewis, C. E. Dwyer. 

Course 10. Agriculture, Horticulture and Chem- 
stry, E. B. Saunders. 

Electives not yet chosen, H. A. Paul. 



THE NEW YELL. 

At a meeting of the Senior class, R. W. Morse, 
H. L. Knight and L C. Claflin ware appointed a com- 
mittee to devise a new college yell. From several 
submitted, the best was chosen, and on the recom- 
mendation of the committee formally adopted by the 
student body in mass meeting. All preceding yells 
were abolished. The new yell is as follows : 
Mass.! Mass.! Mass'chusetts ! 
Rah. rah. rah, rah ! Mass'chusetts ! 



THE SENATE. 

The college Senate, composed of four members 
of each of the two upper classes, and entrusted by 
them with the preservation of college traditions, held 
its first meeting for the year on the evening of Sept. 
20. Officers were elected for the current year as 
follows: President, L. C. Claflin; secretary. C. P. 
Halligan. It was voted to hold regular monthly 
meetings in the future. The annual statement of 
regulations was then drawn up and adopted, as an- 
nounced by Pres. Claflin in mass-meeting on Sept. 
26. We append a copy below. 

REGULATIONS OF THE SENATE. 

Believing that the good name of the Mass. State 
College demands the adoption at this time of certain 
definite rules of conduct wi, the College Senate, to 
whom has been intrusted by the upper classmen of 
the college the preservation of order and decorum in 
public places, and the enforcement of college tradi- 
tions hereby announce the following regulations for 
the current year : 

I, As a mark of respect all students are expected 



AGGIE LIFE. 



AGGIE LIFE. 






to recognize the members of the facultv by the mili- 
tary salute. 

2. That, in addition, members of the freshman 
class shall when on the college grounds recognize 
members of the senior class in the same manner. 

3. Freshmen will not be permitted to smoke on 
the college grounds save in their own rooms until they 
have defeated the sophomores in some regular ath- 
letic contest. 

4. Students are expected to dress neatly and de- 
cently at all times; and no student will be permitted 
to appear on the campus during a public athletic con- 
test or at the boarding-house or any college exercise 
clad in overalls, jumpers or similar unconventional 

attire. 

We have enacted these rules In the effort to cor- 
rect certain abuses which have injured the reputation 
of the college in the past, and we desire the earnest 
co-operation of every loyal student in their enforce- 
ment. Respectfully submitted. 

L. C. Claflin.^I C. P. Hallican, ^ 

II U l j A M V I 1 M 



The Fraternity conference was organized in the 
winter of 1899 for the purpose of maintaining amicable 
relations between the fraternities and of promoting 
the social life of the college. It is composed of two 
undergraduates and one resident alumnus graduate 
from each of the four fraternities, Its present mem- 
bership is as follows: D. G. K.. Dr. C. Wellington, 
73. E. B. Saunders, '02, G. L. Barrus. 03 ; Q.T.V., 
Dr. J. B. Paige, '82, R. W. Morse, '02, H.J. Frank- 
lin, 03 ; Phi Sigma Kappa. Prof. F. S. Cooley. '88, 
J. H Belden, '02, V. A. Gates, '02 ; College Shakes- 
pearean Club. A. C. Monahan. 'CO, H. L. Knight, 
'02, W. F. Monahan, '03. 



H.J. Franklin. 19Q . 
H. L. Knight, f R. H. Robertson, ' 



V. A. Gates, 
H. L. Knich 
R. W. Morse 



E. B. Snell. 






THE FRATERNITY CONFERENCE. 

The annual meeting of the Fraternity conference 
was held Sept. 19. 1901. Ten members were present, 
and all the fraternities were represented. The oifices 
of secretary and treasurer were combined, and the 
election of officers resulted as follows ; President, H. 
L. Knight ; vice-president, E. B. Saunders ; secre- 
tary and treasurer, V. A. Gates. Dr. Wellington, Mr. 
Thomson and Mr. Morse were appointed a committee 
on resolutions and their recommendations were 
adopted as follows : 

Resolved that the agreement of the previous year 
In the matter of working Freshmen for fraternity 
membership shall hold during the present year; that 
Freshmen and all other newcomers shall be unsolicited 
until the opening day after the Christmas vacation, and 
further that this agreement shall hold in force for next 
year until the third day of the fall semester of 1902. 
Resolved further, that if a fraternity desires to 
change this agreement no action by that fraternity 
may be taken in the matter before Its wish has been 
considered by this conference. 



COMMUNICATION. 

Hartford. Conn., Sept. 18, 1901. 

Editor Aggie Life : 

If you have room in the Aggie Life will you 
kindly ask the alumni who are looking for positions to 
send their names to me. This is not an advertising 
scheme, all I ask is that the applicant pay his postage 
and enclose a stamp when a reply is wanted. I some- 
times have an opportunity to recommend a man for a 
position and if I have no one at my school here qual- 
ified to fill the position I shall be glad to recommend 
a graduate from my Alma Mater. I have now upon 
my desk a letter asking me to recommend a man for 
a small farm in Connecticut and another asking if I 
can name a strong man to present the subject of 
Nature Study next summer in the state of Florida. I 
am now looking Into the subject of School Gardens 
and Nature Study throughout this and other countries 
and am surprised to find so many that say they have 
not competent Instructors. 1 hope to make this the 
subject of an article later on for 1 believe a person 
can fit himself at •• Aggie " to fill such a position as 
well or better than at any other place in the world. I 
will keep on file a list of the names sent to me and 
will recommend those best fitted for any position as I 
have the opportunity. Everyone should tell the kind 
of position they want and the one they are best fitted 
for. Those whom I do not personally know should 
send recommendation. Thanking you for your trouble 

am. 

Yours very truly. 

H. D. Hemenway. 



Y. M. C. A. RECEPTION. 

The annual reception of the Y. M. C. A. to the 
entering class was held in the Stone Chapel on Friday 
evening, Sept. 27. It was well attended by students, 
townspeople and faculty, though a meeting of the 
trustees kept away several professors who might other- 
wise have been in attendance. The Chapel was as 
usual attractively decorated with potted plants and 
other floral adornments from the plant-house. There 
was no set program, the entire reception being very 
informal. A special effort was made to make every 
one feel at home and in great measure a certain stiff- 
ness which has marred similar gatherings in the past 
was lacking. Great credit is due the committee of 
arrangements. Among the invited guests present 
were; Dr. C. A. Goessmann and family, Mrs. S. T. 
Maynard, Miss Maynard. Dr. and Mrs Chas. Welling- 
ton. Dr. and Mrs. C. S. Walk-r, Mrs. W. P. Brooks. 
Prof. Geo. F. Miils. Dr. and Mrs. Geo. E. Stone, 
Prof, and Mrs. J. E. Ostrander, Prof, and Mrs. Her- 
man Babson, Prof, and Mrs. R. S. Lull, Prof. R. E. 
Smith, Prof, and Mrs. P. B. Hasbrouck. Prof. S. F 
Howard. Mr. Lindley Heinberger, Mr. and Mrs. Geo. 
F. Babb, Rev. A. B. Gifford. Rev. Mr. Caylord. Miss 
Gaylord. Rev. J. W. Day, Miss Hutchinson, Miss 
Cushman, Miss Sanborn, Miss Hinckley, Miss Allen, 
the Misses Hawley. 



THE MEMORIAL SERVICE. 

In accordance with the proclamations of President 
Roosevelt and Governor Crane, college exercises on 
the opening day of the year were dispensed with. A 
short memorial service commemorative of the dead 
President, was held in the Stone chapel on the morning 
of the 19th. The service opened with the singing of 
President McKinley's favorite hymn. •• Nearer my 
God to Thee." Dr. Walker offered prayer. Presi- 
dent Goodell then spoke in affecting eulogy of the 
dead President in part as follows. 

'• It had been my intention and my hope to meet you 
here on the opening day of our new year in a far dif- 
ferent way. I had hoped to greet you with joy and 
good wishes at our increased enrollment and the 
unusually favorable outlook for a successful year. 
The good wishes remain but • the joy is gone out 
from this meeting.' For the head of this great 
Republic, the man whom above all the whole nation 



loved, trusted and admired lies dead, the victim of a 
fiend's senseless attack and we are together here to 
pay due honor to the dead President's memory." 

President Goodell then dwelt at length on the Pres- 
ident's many public and private virtues. He cited 
several instances in which he had personally expe- 
rienced his regard for others, his devotion to what he 
believed to be his duty and his firmness in standing 
by his pledged word. P-esident McKinley's great ser- 
vices in behalf of the land -grant colleges when the 
second Morrill act in 1890 was passed through 
Congress was described in detail. Had it not been 
for Congressman McKinley (as he then was) the bill 
must surely have failed of passage. For this one act 

the kind remembrance of every friend of popular edu- 
cation is due. 

President Goodell closed by calling attention to the 
permanence of our institutions. The man perished, 
but the nation endured. 

The services closed with the singing of "America." 
Later in the morning impressive services were held in 
the First church, as elsewhere over the country. 
Addresses were delivered by Prof. Geo. F. Mills. Prof. 

E. A. Grosvenor of Amherst College and various 
members of the local clergy. 

COMMENCEMENT PRIZES. 

Since the announcement of the Commencement 
prizes took place after the last issue of the Life and 
after many of the students had left town, we insert the 
list here for reference : 

Grinnell Agricultural. N.J. Hunting. '01, first; R. 
I. Smith, 01 . second. 

Flint Oratorical. H. L, Knight. 02. first ; J. C. 
Hall. '02. second. 

Bumham Rhetorical. Sophomores, W. W. Peebles, 
'03. first ; H. J. Franklin. '03. second ; Freshmen, 

F. D. Conden. "04. first; J. W. Gregg. '04. second. 
Hills Botanical. C. E. Gordon. '01 . first ; W.J. 

Hunting, second. 

Special prize in Chemistry, E. B. Saunders. '02. 
first : E. F. McCobb. '02. second. 

Prize for best collection of fungi. D. B. Tash- 
jian. '01. 



Wesleyan opens its fall term with the smallest enter- 
ing class of years, numbering but 55. 



8 



AGGIE LIFE. 



AGGIE LIFE. 




1901 CLASS SONG. 

Tune — " Road to Mandalay." 
Brothers all we stand together as we've stood for four long 

years, 
And the whisper ot a parting starts the ever ready tears ; 
For we'll miss each hearty fellow as we wander far away 
And we'll hunger for the meeting on some happy distant day. 

Chorus— On the Aggie Campus dear, 
On the Aggie Campus dear, 
Where we've lived for one another and our Alma 

Mater dear, 
On the Aggie Campus dear, 
On the Aggie Campus dear, 
We'll be loyal sons forever to our Alma Mater dear. 

One good fellow now has left us for a brighter, better land. 
We miss him from among us miss his helping voice and hand ; 
But we never can forget him while the heart beats fast and true. 
For the love he left behind him keeps the recollection new. 

Those days are far behind us now, they are the long ago. 
And the future is before us full of gladness or of woe, 
So to you my faithful brothers I will give my heart and hand 
With a longing for the meeting of this happy little band. 

C. L. Rice, '01. 



FOOTBALL SCHEDULE. 

Sept. 28, Holy Cross at Worcester. 

Oct. 5, Pittsfield Y. M. C. A. at Pittsfield. 

12, Wesleyan at Middletown. 

16, Williams at Williamstown. 

19, Worcester Polytechnic at Worcester. 

24, Bates at Amherst. 
Nov. 2, Springfield Training School at Amherst. 
9. Amherst on Pratt Field. 

16. Conn. Agricultural at Amherst. 



Colleg? 7*°**$- 



— F. W. Webster, 1903, has left college. 

— A. Russell Paul has returned to college. 

— The tennis courts are badly In need of attention. 

— There are two " co-eds" in the freshmen class. 

— Smith and Fulton have entered the sophomore 



class. 

— The trustees held a meeting in Amherst last 
Friday night. 

— T. B. Haskell, 1904. who left college last May Is 
back with his class. 



— Captain Paul of the football team is suffering 
with a bad shoulder. 

— About twenty of our men attended the fair in 
Brattleboro last week. 

— Eighty-three new names have been enrolled on 
the Registrar's books. 

— " General", the college mascot, owned by H. A. 
Paul, is with us again. 

— Ransom W. Morse, 1902, has been elected to 
the position of college cheerer. 

— The result of the game between our team and 
Holy Cross is most satisfactory. 

— The appearance of the college buildings has 
been much improved by re-painting. 

— G. E. O'Hearn has decided not to enter Dart- 
mouth but to stand by •• Old Aggie." 

— The Sagamore Seven have been reinforced by 
the addition of Messrs. Gregg and Henshaw. 

— Remember the new yell : Mass— Mass — Mass'- 
chusetts ! rah, rah, rah, rah — Mass'chusetts! 

— Stephen C. Bacon has been appointed assistant 
to Observer Bodfish of the Meteorological Department. 

— The freshmen football squad has been seen on 
the campus practising under the direction of Coach 
Porter. 

— Messrs. Baker, Cummings, Handy, Pease and 
Thompson, all of 1904, have not returned to college 
this term. 

— Coach Hunt left Saturday. Mr. Hunt was very 
popular with the men on the team and all were sorry 
to see him go. 

Room 19. South College, tower entry, has been 

remodeled and is now being used by Dr. Walker as a 
recitation room. 

— The dining-room of the Boarding club has been 
re-papered and painted and now presents a very at- 
tractive appearance. 

The library is open as follows: for consultation 

and drawing of books. 8-12 a. m.; 1-5 p. m.; for draw- 
ing books only, 7-8 p. m. 

— The Commandant has issued a new set of rules 
regarding the care of the dormitories and discipline in 
the military department. 



— J. C. Hall has been chosen by the senior class 
as the representative of the college on the Union Lec- 
ture Course committee. 

—J. W. Gregg has been appointed by the Reading- 
room directors to the position of mail carrier and 
Reading-room attendant. 

— Many of the students took advantage of the holi- 
day last Wednesday and visited the Hampshire 
County Agricultural Fair. 

— Mr. Lindley Heinberger has assumed the duties 
of instructor in Chemistry in the place of R. D. Gil- 
bert who has gone elsewhere. 

— The football game scheduled with Middiebury col- 
lege for next Saturday has been cancelled by Middie- 
bury. Trinity has also cancelled its game of Oct. 9. 

— The annual reception tendered to the members 
of the incoming class by the Y. M. C. A. was held 
last Friday evening. It was enjoyed by all who at- 
tended. 

— M. F. Ahearn, '04, will be unable to take his old 
place as left end on the team this year as he has not 
yet recovered from injuries received while playing 
baseball last spring. 

— The football team is hard at work every day and 
under the direction of Captain Paul and Halligan, '00, 
promises to be one of the best teams " Aggie " has 
ever put on the field. 

—Memorial services were held in the Chapel on 
Thursday, Sept. 19, in honor of the late president. 
Pres. Goodell spoke very touchingly on his personal 
acquaintance with Mr. McKinley, 

—The class of 1905 has elected the following offi- 
cers pro tern.: Pres.. Munson ; vice-pres., Porter; 
sec, Smith ; treas.. Hunt ; class capt., Porter; foot- 
ball capt.. Munson ; historian, Turpper. 

— By vote of the student body held in mass meet- 
ing a tax of $3.50 was levied on each man in college 
to support the football team and a tax of $ 1 .75 to 
carry on the work of the reading-room. 

— H. A. Ballou, until recently professor of Ento- 
mology and Botany at the Connecticut Agricultural 
college is taking an advanced course in Botany under 
Dr. Stone. Prof. Ballou graduated from this college 
in 1895. 



— Captain Anderson intends Inviting Capt. Z. W. 
Torrey of Springfield to address the college on the 
Spanish war. Captain Torrey Is well able to do this 
having served in the war at Cuba and later in the 
Philippines. 

— The class of 1902 have elected the following 
officers: Pres., L. A. Claflin ; vice-pres., T. M. Car- 
penter; class capt., H. A. Paul; serg't at arms, C. 
M. Kinney; basket ball capt., J.M. Dellea ; historian. 
H. L. Knight. 



Athletic No*?s- 



FOOTBALL. 

Acgie, 17 ; Holy Cross, 0. 
The first game of the season was played with Holy 
Cross college on Saturday, Sept. 28 and resulted in a 
victory for Aggie, by a score of 17 to 0. 

It was the first game for both teams and fumbling 
was quite frequent. Aggie played all around her op- 
ponents and at no time during the game was she 
held for downs, while Holy Cross was unable to gain 
at any time during the game. 

Munson kicked off for Aggie, but Stankard, who 
made the catch could not advance. Aggie then held 
for four downs and then by steady line bucking, using 
the tackle back formation, they rushed it down the 
field for a touchdown after four minutes of play. Mun- 
son made the touchdown and Halligan kicked goal. 

Holy Cross then kicked off to Bodfish who ran It 
back 10 yards. O'Hearn punted to Cahill who 
fumbled. Snell falling on the ball. Aggie then car- 
ried the ball over the goal line for another touchdown, 
Bodfish carrying It over In eight minutes of play. 
The first half ended with ball in Aggie's possession in 
middle of field. 

In second half Holy Cross made some changes in 
their line but it was of no avail. Holy Cross kicked 
off out of bounds twice, forcing the kick-off on Aggie. 
Munson kicked off to Shields who was downed with- 
out gain. Aggie then held for downs and in eight 
minutes of play Snell carried the ball over for a 
touchdown. Halligan kicked goal. Score 17-0. 

The only feature of the game was a sixty yard run 
on a fake play vhich came near giving Holy Cross a 



AGGIE LIFE. 



AGGIE LIFE. 



ii 






touchdown, but fcr Whitaker who by fast sprinting 
runner on the 10 yard line. 
The best playing was done by O'Hearn, Bodflsh, 
Wl d Whitaker for Aggie and Lanlor and 

Cress. 

nmary: 

Holy Cross 

r. e., Stankard 

r. t.. Lawlor 

r, g.. Foley. O'Neil 

£ c. O'Neil. O. Boyle 

1. g.. Noone 

1. t.. Rice 

1. e . Shields 

q. h.. Larkin 

r. h. b.. Bawlin 

1. h. b., Skelley 

f. b.. Cahil 

1 7. Holy Cross 0. Touchdowns— Munson, 
Snell. Goals from touchdown— Halligan 2. 



b, 



| E. Halligan of Aggie and L. M. Shine umpire al- 
-,-n— Quigley. Holy Cross and J.H.Bel 
-—. •u/n 15 rnin halves. 



Alumni. 



- -Frank LeP. Whitney. 5 Hazel Sf., Jamaica 

-Charles O. Flagg is superintending the Guern- 
farm of George Mixter of Boston. His 
ss for the present is Hardwick. 

Ex-75.— N. F M rill is at present representing 
B. L. Bragg Co. makers of machinery. Springfield. 

76.— Chas. H. Phelps is in the employ of the Dres- 
sier Lithographic Co., 155 and 157 Leonard St.. N.Y. 

76.— Thomas Edwin Smith died Sept. 20. 1901, 
at West Chesterfield, from apoplexy. 

78.- Dr. Horace E. Stockbridge, professor of 
Agriculture at the Florida State College spent a short 
time in town lately. 

78.— Dr. A. A. Brigham has resigned as Professor 
of Agriculture and Director of the Experiment Station 
of the Rhode Island State College of Agriculture and 
the Mechanic Arts to engage in business in New 

York. 

•82— J. L. Windsor. 210 La Salle St.. Chicago. 111. 

■ 83 _Dr. H. J. Wheeler has been promoted to the 
position of Director of the Rhode Island Experiment 
Station. 



• 8 7._Wm. N. Tolman. 25th Ward Gas Works, 
Philadelphia. Pa. 

•88. A. F. Hayward, Ashley. 

'92. Jewell B. Knight, who, for the past year has 
been studying in this college for the degree of Ph. D. 
has been given a responsible position by the British 
government. His work consists in establishing an 
Agricultural College in British India. Mr. Knight 
after having secured the degree of M. S. in June was 
married to Miss Martha Alberta Grover. July 10. 
1901 and immediately sailed with his bride for his 
new field of work. Address, Ahmednagar Bombay, 
Presidency, British India. 

'93.— Dr. E. H. Lehnert has been chosen Professor 
of Veterinary Science at the Connecticut Agri ultural 
College. Address, Storrs, Conn. 

•94. v/e are in receipt of the annual report of the 

Government Entomologist and also of a bulletin on 
•• Tree Fumigation in California," both from the pen 
of Charles P. Lounsbury, Entomologist for the colony. 
•95 -Geo. A. Billings will enter this college as a 
graduate student for the degree of Ph. D. during the 
ensuing month. Mr. Billings will take Entomology 
for his major study. 

•95.— H. A. Ballou who has until lately held the 
position of Professor of Entomology and Botany in the 
Connecticut Agricultural College, has entered this 
college as a graduate student for the degree of Ph. D. 
•96,_Harry T. Edwards is at present teacher in 
Nautical School, 227 Calle Real.Malate, Manila. P.I. 
97.— James L. Bartlett has recently become 
employed in the Weather Bureau office at Scran- 
ton, Va. 

•99. _W. E. Hinds who spent the summer in the 
division of Entomology of the Department of Agricul- 
ture, has resumed his post-graduate work at the 
college. 

•00.— Arthur C. Monahan has been chosen In- 
structor in sciences at the Amherst high school. 
Address. Amherst. 

•00.— Geo. F. Parmenter has resigned as Assistant 
Chemist at the Rhode Island Experiment Station to 
accept a position as Instructor in Brown University. 

'00. — Y. H. Canto of Columbia Medical College is 
spending a few days in town. 



'00 — R. D. Gilbert has succeeded C. A. Peters, 
'97. as assistant and graduate student in the Kent 
Chemical Laboraiory of Yale University. 

'00. — F. H. Brown has brought a farm in Marlboro. 

'00. — Arthur F. Frost was married to Miss Cora 
Louise Wakefield of Amherst, Sept. 25. 1901. Mr. 
Frost is a draftsman in the employ of the Boston 
Bridge Co. 

Ex- '01. — Francis E. Hemenway is teaching in the 
public schools in the Philippines Islands. 

'01. — Clarence E. Gordon has been elected teacher 
of science in Cushing Academy. Ashburnham. 

'01. — T. F. Cooke is teaching mathematics and 
military science at West Jersey academy. Address, 
Bridgeton, N. J., care West Jersey academy. 

'01.— J. C. Barry. Amherst. 

'01. — W. R. Pierson. in the market gardening bus- 
iness. Scitico, Conn. 

'01. — N. J. Hunting, Shutesbury. 

'01. — J. M. Ovalle, Residence. Amherst. Instruc- 
tor of Spanish, Smith College, Northampton. 

"01.— T. Graves, Jr. Hatfield. 

'01. — Percival C. Brooks is in the employ of the 
General Chemical Co., Calumet Works, Chicago, III. 

'01. — Thomas Casey Is studying Law in the Univer- 
sity of Michigan Law School, Ann Harbor, Mich. 

'01.— R. I. Smith has succeeded H. L. Crane as 
Assistant Horticulturist, Hatch Experiment Station. 
Amherst, 

'01.— J. B. Henry has entered the Law School at 
the University of Michigan. 



Dep&r-tmtrvf |Mot?s 



CHEMICAL. 
Mr. Llndley Heinberger of the Florida Experiment 
Station has succeeded Mr. Gilbert as instructor in the 
j Chemical laboratory. Mr. Gilbert has entered Yale. 
1 taking a post-graduate course in Chemistry. He 
I succeeds C. A. Peters, '97. as assistant in the Kent 
[laboratory at the same college. 

The junior class have begun their work in wet 
analysis under Dr. Wellington, and are making rapid 
progress. 



Eight members of the senior class have elected 
Chemistry and are now well started in their study of 
gravimetric analysis. 

ZOOLOGICAL. 
M. H. West. '03. and D. N. West, '02. are looking 
after the interests of this department this year. The 
department has now about eight thousand specimens 
in the museum, and it is well worth a visit. 



LIBRARY NOTES. 

The following new bocks have been added to the 
library : 

China, the Long-Lived Empire, by £. R. Scidmore. 

77j£? Crisis in China, reprinted from the North Amer- 
ican Review. It is a collection of thirteen articles, 
written by as many authorities, among whom are 
Rear-Admiral Lord Gharles Beresford. his Excellency 
Wm. Ting-Fang. M. Mikharlotf and General James 
H. Wilson. It contains a large number of illustra- 
tions. 

Memoirs of a Revolutionist, by P. Kropotkin. This 
work was published in the Atlantic Monthly, Septem- 
ber, 1898 to September, 1899. under the title." The 
Autobiography of a Revolutionist." 

The Rossetti's by Elizabeth L. Cary. 

The Book of Asparagus, with sections also on celery 
and seakale. by Charles Ilott. F. R. H. S., lecturer on 
horticulture to the Cornwall County Council. The 
book also contains chapters on the history of the veg- 
etables by the Editor. It is the first of a series of 
handbooks which will deal from a purely practical 
standpoint with the culture of the various fruits, vege- 
tables and flowers which might be advantageously 
grown in English gardens. 

Bird-Land Echoes, by Charles C. Abbott. M. D., 
with illustrations by William E. Cram. 

A Short Manual of Inorganic Chemistry, by A. Du- 
pre. Ph. D.. F. R. S.. F. I. C. F. C. S., and H. Wil- 
son Hake. Ph. D.. F. I. C. F. C. S. This is the 
the third edition of this book, it has been thoroughly 
revised with special reference to the Periodic Law. 

Text Book of Physiology, edited by F.. A. Schafer. 
LL. D.. F. R. S.. Jodrell Professor of Physiology. 
University college. London. Two volumes. The 
first volume deals mainly with the chemical constitu- 
tion and chemical processes of the human body, and 



la 



AGGIE LIFE. 






with those physical and chemical phenomena which 
are connected with the production and elaboration of 
the secretions and other fluids of the hody. The arti- 
cles in the second volume include the mechanics of 
the circulation and respiration and of special muscu- 
lar movements; the general physiology of muscle and 
nerve ; the special senses, and the functions of tha 
central nervous system. 

The Play of Man, by Karl Groos. professor of Phil- 
osophy in tne University of Basel. 

As Seen by Me, by L li n Bell. The book gives an 
account of two years' travel over thirty thousand miles 
through Europe and Asia. The work gives interest- 
ing descriptions of various adventures and the histor- 
ical places in London, Paris. St. Petersburg, Moscow. 
Constantinople. Cairo, the Nile. Greece. Naples and 
Rome. The book is interesting from the first to the 
last page, containing many amusing incidents as well 
as useful knowledge. 

Maggie, by Stephen Crane. A story dealing with 
slum life in New York city. It is full of the slang and 
Idioms of the children of the slums. Maggie was the 
child of drunken parents and suffers all the hardships 
of the circumstances under which she existed. In 
spite of her surroundings she develops into a very 
pretty girl. She becomes acquainted with a young 
fellow, who indu :es her to leave her home. He ruins 
and then desert, her. She returns to her home but 
is disowned by her mother. Not having any place to 
go. she finally ends her miserable life by drowning. 
The author presents a vivid portrayal of slum life in a 
great city, with all its dissipations. 

Up from Slavery, an autobiography by Booker T. 
Washington. This volume is the outgrowth of a se- 
ries of articles dealing with incidents in the author's 
life which were published in the Outlook. 

Biography of William Henry Hailt, by his wife. Do- 
nated to the library by the author. 

Life and Reign of Quten Victoria, including Hues of 
King Edward VII and Qneen Alexandra, by Prof. Chas. 
Morris, and Murat Halstead. 

Lords of the North, by A. C. Lant. A story of 
early days in Canada and the rivalry existing between 
the great fur companies. It is a very good story hold- 
ing the interest of the reader from the beginning to 
the end. 



Irvtfrcoll^ia-te. 



Yale has several new buildings nearing completion. 

The Seminary Opiniator Issues an half-tone supple- 
ment of our late President. 

The 108th year of Williams College opened Thurs- 
day. The entering class numbering 103. an unusually 
small number. 

The Freshman class at Amherst numbers 130 with 
a total of 450. Though the cane rush has been 
abolished, vigorous and severe hazing is reported, 
breaking and entering of private houses and sim- 
ilar lawless procedures being said to be common 

occurrences. 

The festivities of the Dartmouth Centennial in 
memory of Daniel Webster, were very brilliant, deco- 
rations, torch-light processions and speech-making 
occupying several days. The new Webster Hall was 
decicated. the corner stone being laid by a great-grand- 
son of Daniel Webster. 

The future of the Connecticut Agricultural College 
is reported as extremely critical. Trouble has been 
brewing for sometime, but a crisis was precipitated 
when early In the summer four of the most popular 
professors were forced to resign by the board of trus- 
tees, despite the vigorous protests of the students, 
seconded by the agricultural interests of the state. 
As a result of the dissensions but two applicants pre- 
sented themselves for examination at the appointed 
time. Popular opinion then became sufficiently 
strong to force the president to resign and the latest 
reports indicated more harmonious relations in the 
future. . . 

DRAFTING INSTRUMENTS, 

DRAWING AN!) BLUE PROCESS PAPERS, 

8CALE8, ANGLES, i 'liRVKSandT SQUARES, 

ARCHITECTS' AND DKAFTMENS COLORS, 
SCHOOL ROZB8 WATER COLORS, 



WHDSWOBTH. HOWUHD 4 CO., 

INCOItl'oKATKK, 
H2 find 84 WanliiiiKton St., \ m)S T/ON. 
116 and 218 Clarendon St., J 
Factories, MALDEN, MASS. 



AGGIE LIFE. 



VOL. XII. 



AMHERST. MASS.. OCTOBER 16, 1901. 



NO. 2 



Published Fortnightly by Students of the Massachusetts Agricultural College. 

Students and Alumni are requested to contribute. Communications should be addressed, Aggie Life, Amherst, Mass. Aggie Life will be sent 
to all subscribers until its discontinuance Is ordered and arrears are paid. Subscribers who do not receive their paper regularly are requested to notify 
the Business Manager. 

BOARD OF EDITORS. 

HOWARD LAWTON KNIGHT. 1902. Editor-in-Chief. 

LEANDER CHAPINCLAFLIN, 1902, Business Manager. 

WILLIAM ETHERINGTON ALLEN. 1 903. Assistant Business Manager. 
VICTOR ADOLPH GATES, 1902, Athletics. CHARLES MILTON KINNEY. 1902, Intercollegiate. 

RICHARD HENDRIE ROBERTSON, 1903. Department Notes. CLAUDE ISAAC LEWIS. 1902. 

NEIL FRANCIS MONAHAN. 1903. College Notes. MYRON HOWARD WEST, 1903, Alumni Notes. 

FAYETTE DICKINSON COUDEN. 1904. ARTHUR LEE PECK, 1904. 



Terms: $1.00 per year in adcance. Single Copies, 10c. Postage outside of United States and Canada, 26c. extra. 



M. C. A. 
~oot-Ball Association, 
allege Boarding Club, 
?eadlr.g-Room Association, 



LIFE'S DIRECTORY. 

D. N. WEST, Pres. Athletic Association, 

V. A. Gates, Manager. ;e- Ball Association, 

C. P.. Halligan, Sec. Nineteen Hundred and Three Index, 

J.C. Hall, Sec. Fraternity Conference, 



Prof. R. E. Smith, Sec. 
V. A. Gates, Manager. 
G. L. Barrus, Manager. 
H. L. Knight, Pres. 



Entered at the Post Office as second-class maU matter. 



Edi'tbri&ls. 



The report of the United States Army officer de- 
illed by the War Department to inspect the college 
Battalion a little before Commencement has just been 
Beceived, and we insert It in another column. Inas- 
much as it represents the fair, unbiased opinion of one 
thoroughly versed in the details of one of the leading 
•ranches of our work, we believe it deserves the care- 
mi! consideration of every student. In general we 
tnay say that the report is gratifying ; in this we may 
take pride. It also points out the existence of some 
lore or less serious faults ; these it should be our 
lim to remedy. The old adage " Whatever is worth 
loing at all is worth doing well." applies as well to 
lllitary drill as to anything else. Just now we are 
jnder the double handicap of inexperienced officers 
Ind an unusually large proportion of raw recruits ; 
till, by strict attention to duty there is little doubt that 
fe can overcome both of these, and make our next 
lowing even more creditable than that of the past. 



For the benefit of the new men and others who 
have not availed themselves of its privileges, we de- 
sire to say a word in behalf of the Union Lecture 
course. While not directly either a student or college 
organizatIon.it is yet an enterprise of a distinctly public 
character, and one which we have generally wHl sup- 
ported. As its name would indicate, It Is a union of 
the various elements of the town, the students and 
faculty of both colleges being represented, for the pur- 
pose of arranging a high-class series of entertainments 
at very moderate cost. There Is usually a course of 
about eight evenings, consisting of lectures by some 
of the most prominent men In the lecture field, such 
as Russell Conwell and Leland Powers, concerts by 
leading organizations and similar entertainments of a 
high class order. The cost is merely nominal ; for 
the entire series it is often less than a single number 
would cost separately. The course is not run for 
profit, but a slight sum is usually netted over the ex- 
penses which is applied to various public enterprises 
about town, notably the North Amherst public library. 
The first entertainment, a lecture by Mr. Ernest 






14 



AGGIE LIFE. 



AGGIE LIFE. 



*5 






Seton-Thompson, comes to-night and others will fol- 
low during the winter at intervals of from two to four 
weeks. We hope that the students will not hesitate 
to avail themselves of so rare an opportunity. 



The celebration of last Saturday evening must most 
certainly be voted a complete success. In spite of 
the unexpectedness of the result of the game, and the 
meagre amount of information received, the students 
managed to acquit themselves in most creditable fash- 
ion. Certainly, we are especially fortunate that in our 
band and our cannon, we have most valuable helps at 
such times.andones.moreover .which every college does 
not possess. That, in spite of the natural enthusiasm 
of the moment there was no wanton destruction of 
property, but on the contrary a complete acknowledge- 
ment of the rights of others, is certainly also to our 
credit. We desire to thank publicly all who so will- 
ingly co-operated with us in making the affair a suc- 
cess. Especially do we appreciate the thoughtful 
generosity of Mrs. Stearns in his gift to the college 
band, and the equal generosity of the band in trans- 
ferring it to the use of the football team. The hearty 
good-will of the townspeople and also of the students 
of Amherst college are also most pleasing, as an indi- 
cation of the good-feeling which should prevail among 
the various elements of the town. We hope that this 
celebration will be but the beginning of many, the 
prelude, as it were, of a new and most prosperous era 
in the history of Massachusetts' athletics. 



believe it can be done. As things are at present, one 
hundred and fifty students without any means of in- 
come raise something more than $400 each season. 
Our six hundred alumni in remunerative positions 
raise practically nothing. Since the benefits of a suc- 
cessful team redound to the credit of the whole Col- 
lege, alumni as well as students, is it too much to 
expect that our alumni will raise at least an equal 
amount, as is always done In other institutions? 
We commend the matter in all seriousness to the at- 
tention of the influential men of our alumni, in the 
hope that they will be able to devise ways and means . 



The continued success of our football team has but 
rendered more noticeable than ever over crying need 
for a permanent coach. Handicapped as we ar c by 
our small numbers, our limited amount of material 
and most of all by our entire lack of an enclosed ath- 
letic field, it most certainly seems a pity that we must 
also struggle along after a single week without the 
benefits of skilled training. Considering the difficul- 
ties under which we have to contend we think it little 
short of marvellous that our teams make the showing 
that they do. Yet it stands to reason that at the last 
of a season, we must be so completely at a disadvan- 
tage that success is well-nigh impossible. Now the 
question before us Is. can no method be devised for 
keeping our coach through the entire season ? We 



Of the work of our football team on last Saturday, 
and indeed for the entire season, we can find nothing 
but words of praise. We understand that the victory 
over Wesleyan came through superior team work and 
was fairly and squarely earned. As such it was an 
event which may well be marked as one of the most 
noteworthy in the history of the college, indicating as 
it does the remarkable increase in athletic prestige 
which the college has earned during the last three 
years. The writer cannot but think of the contrast 
between this season and that of his freshman year. 
At that time, Holy Cross overwhelmed our team 23-0 
and Wesleyan on receipt of the news cancelled our 
game. This year has seen this state of affairs com- 
pletely reversed. We only hope that the same suc- 
cess may attend the team for the remainder of the 
season. Two of our most Important games are yet 
to be played, and It is to be remembered that it is on 
their results that the reputation of the team will main- 
ly rest This afternoon we meet Williams for the 
second time in our history. We shall be handicapped 
somewhat by the fact that the men may not have 
completely recovered from the effects of the Wes- 
leyan game, while Williams will be entirely fresh and 
presumably in the best possible condition. It is never 
advisable to expect too much. Yet in view of the 
small score made by our opponents last year and the 
relative merits of the teams this season we doubt if 
Williams will win by any considerable margin. It 
has been a matter of regret to the students that so far 
we have had no opportunity of witnessing the work of 
our teams ; our out-of-town schedule however closes 
with this week, and henceforth we shall be able to 
encourage our men by our presence. 



A REWARD OF MERIT. 

(Founded on fact.) 

•• Hello. John. What do you thimk of Harry's 
luck ?" " Luck ! no luck about It. He earned It 
and deserves every cent of it, although 1 must confess 
that the money comes in just right for him." 

•' Why, what did he ever do to deserve such a 
fortune? " 

" Did you never hear the story. Well, I'll tell you:" 
" Harry's parents died when he was about five years 
old. He was such a bright youngster that every one 
liked him. There were no other relatives living, so 
Mr and Mrs. Lovell adopted him. He returned the 
I love they bestowed on him and grew up a worthy son. 
The Lovells were not wealthy, but Harry was given 
as good an education as the town of Casley, Ohio, 
could provide. He worked on the farm outside of 
school hours, but whenever he had the opportunity he 
would spend his time In a little shop of his own, fitted 
up with all kinds of mechanical contrivances. He 
loved machinery, and spent many a happy hour in his 
den. There was no doubt that he would amount to 
something if given the chance. In the many little 
conveniences which he placed in the house, one 
could see a decided originality, and an evidence of 
lenius. 

When he was sixteen, the event occurred, which 

jrought him what you call luck. He was not very 

lall. about medium height for that age. but he was 

Well built, strong, and active and fearless. He never 

boasted of his achievements, but everyone knew that 

■f he undertook a job he'd finish It. He was not one 

■of the reckless, dare-devil kind, but he feared nothing 

~%~- man or beast. He loved the horses about the 

■arm. and they all showed an affection for him. He 

■man not a goody-goody boy, but he was a healthy, 

Brianly fellow, and one that all the fellows felt honored 

■o call chum. Every one in the town respected him, 

and always rejoiced in any good fortune that fell to 

■him. 

During the summer of 189 . Mr. Charles Ducome. 
fcf Utah, with his daughter Mabel, were visiting friends 
pn Casley, Mr. Ducome's wife was dead, and conse- 
|uently Mabel was all the dearer to him. In fact he 
iolized her. She was then about thirteen years of 
|ge — and a little beauty, worthy of worship. 



One day while out driving with his daughter, Mr. 
Ducome lost control of his horses, which shied at a 
falling rock and dashed away at a mad gallop. Ex- 
cited, and not realizing what he was doing. Mr. 
Ducome jumped and landed safely on the ground. 
When he had gathered his wits together he realized his 
action, and thought of his daughter's danger. She 
had remained silent and motionless on the seat. The 
horses were now madly dashing down the lane, the 
carriage swaying from side to side, and reaching dan- 
gerously near the trees on the edge of the road. But 
look, the carriage was now flying on two wheels and 
just beyond was a turn, a moment more and — his 
only daughter— the father sank in a heap and shut his 

eyes. 

When he opened his eyes again, he was surprised, 

astounded; could it be possible? He rubbed his eyes 
and looked again, yes, there it was safe and sound, and 
the horses quiet, yet no one about ; he rushed for- 
ward, crying joyously to his daughter, who was lean- 
ing out of the carriage and beckoning to him. She 
was clasped in his arms in an instant, while tears of 
joy rolled down her father's cheeks. Then he saw 
Harry, standing at the horses' heads quietly petting 
them and speaking in soft tones, that would quiet any 
restless animal." 

■ I am your debtor, my boy" said Mr. Ducome, 
when he had sufficiently recovered himself, ' but you 
don't know how great the debt Is. Tell me, how did 
you manage to stop the mad animals? ' 

• I chanced to be passing through the field sir, when 
I heard a thundering and running to the fence here, 
saw the horses coming toward me, so I jumped the 
fence and stopped them.' 

• But you risked your life, my boy.' 

• It was nothing, sir. more than any one else, simi- 
larly placed would have done.' 

• Well, my young friend, you are a hero, and the 
world should call you such. But you will never have 
cause to regret this act. Mabel, you owe your life to 
this young man. Excuse me. this Is my daughter, 
Miss Ducome. and to whom do we owe this great 
pleasure of meeting? — Harry Bayard — a noble name 
Harry, and may you ever prove a knight as true and 
pure as the noble Bayard. I expect to leave Casley 
in a few days, but you will hear from me when I reach 
Utah. Good-day.' 



16 



AGGIE LIFE 



AGGIE LIFE. 



»7 



Harry went about his work and thought no more of 
the occurrence, save as it might be recalled, when he 
passed the place in the lane. A year passed and no 
word came to htm, but it mattered nothing. He was 
busy with an idea he had conceived of a patent lock, 
consequently his mind was far from Mr. Ducome. 
Two years passed and still no word, then just as Harry 
was longing for a little capital to introduce his patent, 
he receives word from a lawyer in Utah, that a Mr. 
Charles Ducome of Randolph. Utah, had lately died, 
bequeathing to him his whole fortnne. which amounted 
to about eighty-five thousand dollars. Well, this 
was good news for Harry. How has it affected him ? 
Why you can see for yourself, he's the same boy, 
modest, earnest and as much a man as ever. He 
was too much of a man before to allow this fortune 
to change him. He is still the same Harry and will 
remain so, and for that reason we all respect him." 

1 would add in conclusion that Harry remained 
with the Lovells who had done so much for him, the 
only change being made was that Harry was the one 
who provided. Mr. Lovell rested on his oars and 
watched with loving eyes the progress of Harry as he 
mounted in the world. He became one of the lead- 
ing young men in his town, for he did not desert it, and 
is still on the road upward. No, he is not married 
yet. He Is too much in love with his work and his 
father and good old mother. He is only twenty-five 
and has abundant opportunity of meeting his fate be- 
fore he grows gray. I learned subsequently that Mr. 
Ducome's daughter had taken sick a short time after 
reaching home and in one year after was dead. Mr. 
Ducome had left word in his will that his fortune was 
to go to Harry or his heirs ; his lawyer was to seek 
for him until he found hirn— which did not require 
much waste of time." Such is the story as it was re- 
lated to me. I, in turn, pass it to you. 

Raymouth. 



A MIDSUMMER NIGHT ON THE CHARLES 

Pleasantly our paddles sounded with their steady 



dip, dip. and occasional little splashes ! Full of life 
seemed our canoe, as it glided swiftly along over the 
rippling waters of the Charles, and our paddles scat- 
tered pearls, tinged with the soft colors of the setting 
sun. Yes, the sun was getting low, and we had none 



too much time for making camp before darkness 
would overtake us. 

The day had been hot and dusty ; one of those lazy 
summer days when one longs for the cool of evening. 
Late in the afternoon we had decided to spend the 
night upon the Charles, and hastily taking the train, 
we were soon at Riverview, loading our canoe with all 
the materials necessary for a camp. 

We had brought with us simply some bacon and a 
few eggs ; the rest was packed away in my locker at 
the canoe-house for just such occasions as this. 
Some coffee, an ordinary two quart pall in which to 
cook it. and a can of condensed milk to serve in it ; 
two tin plates, two tin cups a frying-pan, a fork and a 
jack-knife ; in fact everything which a dainty meal re- 
quires. In addition to these, we placed in the canoe 
a hammock, two heavy blankets, a jug, (for spring 
water) and a hatchet and now we were ready, Harry 
and I, and were soon forcing the canoe ahead with 
long sweeping strokes tow the island which was to be 
our home for the night. 

Presently, as we rounded a bend, it came into view. 
Could a more beautiful spot be chosen for a camp ? 
Lying in the center of the river, it rises to a height of 
about fifteen feet. 

Although the island is small it contains a number 
of trees growing about its edges, birches to the north, 
and large massive oaks to the south and west, while on 
the east the bank slopes down to a sandy beach. 

Yes this was to be our Island home, and how differ- 
ent it was from the busy, restless city. Little wonder 
that as the canoe grated upon the sand we leaped out 
and raced over the island, for all the world like two 
young colts let loose in a pasture. 

But not for long. Soon the last rays of the setting 
sun, tingeing now only the upper foliage of the trees, 
as if loathe to give up their grasp on so beautiful a 
spot, reminded us that we had no time to lose if we 
wished to lay in a comfortable stock of fire wood. 
So, storing our bundles in the bushes, we hurried away 
to the mainland, and within half an hour were return- 
ing with our canoe loaded down to the wales with logs 
and faggots. 

It was decided by tossing up a penny that Harry 
should take the jug. and paddle up river to a favorite 
spring, while I should stay and prepare the camp fo r 
the night. 



My first work was to build the fire, and soon I had 
a cheerful blaze sputtering and crackiing near the 
I center of the island, and throwing long shadows out 
[into the gathering gloom upon the river. 

Next I proceeded to sling my hammock up among 

I the branches of the birch trees, and so made a bed 

of perfect ease and comfort; for every movement 

[would cause the hammock to sway, the boughs to 

bend, and the leaves to rustle about me. In fact, a 

[bird rocking in the tree tops would have no better rest 

than I that night. 

I had no sooner completed this than I heard a hail 
from the river. Hurrying to the bank, I met Harry 
Stepping ashore, and together we carried the canoe up 
?n the island and placed it on the grass near the ham- 
lock. Now that the work was done, we could take 
)ur ease, and so we did. 

The wind had entirely gone down, and the stars 
Shone as brilliantly in the water as in the heavens, ex- 
cept where great trees along the bank cast their 
Jeavy shadows upon the river. 

Occasionally we could hear the soft splash of pad- 
jles and now and then an equally soft and musical 
ugh, when the shadowy forms of canoes, with the 
^inkling-light of joss-sticks, passed on their way up 
liver. 

Suddenly a burst of silvery light flooded the scene, 
id as the full moon rose above the trees the river 
)ok on a new aspect. 
Till quite late we sat thus, talking at times, while 
>metimes it seemed as though the human voice was 
it of harmony with the surroundings. 
Finally, after adding a few sticks to the fire, Harry 
)lled himself in a blanket, and stretched himself out 
the canoe upon the grass; by no means a poor bed. 
led as it was with cushions and pillows. 
For my part I was unwilling as yet to leave so 
jautiful a scene ; and drawing on a sweater, I flung 
iyself upon my back, down near to the bank, and for 
long time lay there studying the stars. I could not 
it think that many a savage may have lain as I did. 
fs canoe drawn upon the island, his camp-fire near 
hand, and gazed as I did up Into God's broad 
tavens. 

At last I too began to feel drowsy, and after laying 
tross the fire a log which would burn till morning, I, 



in turn, wrapt a blanket about me, and clambered up 
into my hammock among the birches. 

Somewhere in the distance I could hear the clock 
striking the hour ; and suddenly, from a camp farther 
down the river, the long, clear notes of a bugle came 
floating to us through the still night air, and with them 
I was carried, as they went echoing among the hills 
farther and farther away. 

G. H. A. 



REPORT OF THE BATTALION INSPECTION, 

MASS. AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE. 

To the Inspector General, U. S. Army, 
Washington, D. C, 

Sir-.— I have the honor to submit the following re- 
port oi the Military department of the Massachusetts 
Agricultural College on June 3rd to 5th, 1901. 

Capiain John Anderson, U. S. army, Commandant t 
has an Infantry battalion of four companies of a total 
of 102 students (all four classes) fully equipped in the 
undress regulation blue. They drill for one hour three 
times weekly throughout the College year and attend 
lectures and recitations on military subjects not less 
than one-half hour each week on an average. 

Drill is obligatory upon all students, who are rarely 
excused and only for good reasons. Only Seniors and 
Freshmen attend lectures and receive theoretical 
instruction. 

The infantry drills take place upon the College 
campus or during inclement weather In the drill room 
60x135 ft. of the armory building covering with the 
field gun and gallery practice house adjacent about 
10,000 sq. ft. The building affords also a large 
military lecture-room, an office for the commandant, 
a capacious armory and bath-rooms and is under the 
direct superintendence of the military instructor. 

Two detachments only are instructed at the field 
guns. There is no signalling. Since Nov. I, 1900, 
a brass band of 19 pieces has been organized, 
equipped and brought to a degree of proficiency which 
is surprising and rendered possible only by enthusias- 
tic boys and teacher. 

During the year 60 cadets have engaged In small 
arms practice out of doors at 100 and 200 yards dis- 
tance firing 24 rounds per man. 

In the winter gallery practice is maintained in a 
building well suited for the purpose. 



AGGIE LIFE. 



19 



AGGIE LIFE. 







The military professor detailed by the War De- 
partment has many duties at the College outside of 
those directly connected with the department, wh.ch 
Is co-ordinate with the other departments and appar- 
ently takes much interest in all his duties. His as- 
signment is clearly acceptable to the College authori- 
ties He is a regular member of the faculty. 

The data of his annual report to the Inspector-Gen- 
eral for the year ending June, 1901 were verified. 

The direction of the College evidently regards its 
military department as an integral part and gives the 
department all possible aid in money, in the hours al- 
lotted for instruction and in moral support. On the 
date of the inspection, all other College exercises 

were suspended. 

On this occasion dress parade, review, inspection 
and battalion drills of four companies in single rank, 
first by the military instructor and later by the cadet 
major, occurred in the order named continuously for 
one hour and twenty minutes. Nearly all of the bat- 
talion movements laid down in the tactics were exe- 
cuted with steadiness and precision and with only a 
single noticeable error caused by the band playing in 
close proximity to the battalion at the time. There 
was silence in the ranks throughout. There was very 
little cautioning in undertone. The guides were al- 
ways promptly and accurately placed. The com- 
mands of the captains were promptly given and tow- 
ard the end of the drill, very long for any but sea- 
soned soldiers. I could not detect any signs of weari- 
ness in the dressing, or step, or manuals, or any of 
the movements. 

Their knowledge of Infantry drill is practical and 
extends from the beginning of the Infantry tactics to 
the end of the school of the battalion. Of the 102 
students enrolled in the battalion there were 97 pres- 
ent in ranks. Of the five missing, three were absent 
from Amherst by proper authority and the two unac- 
counted for will unquestionably make satisfactory set- 
tlement with the president of the College. 

The general appearance of the cadets was very 
good. The blouses fit well, the trousers as a rule 
were creased and the neat caps were worn squarely 
on the head. I counted perhaps a dozen garments 
slightly stained, a half dozen blouses torn and mended 
and three neck-ties in sight. 

There was oil in all rifles as in the field. A large 



number of rifles showed red rust in the bottom of the 
bores but in all other respects the accoutrements 
were in good order. 

The drill in the manual of the 32 B. L. field pieces 
was satisfactory. 

At the assembly of the graduating class certain 
members showed interest and knowledge of minor 
tactics and of the dispositions made in a few notable 
battles. They received during the year four lectures. 
All other theoretical instruction was by recitation upon 
the drill and army regulations. Wagner's Security and 
Informations and Petifs Military Science, etc 

All government property was found to be in good 
order and carefully kept in dry places. Neatness and 
order were especially noticeable in the armory room. 
The rifles not at present in use are in good shape. 
The field pieces are better housed than at posts, as a 
rule, and are carefully guarded against corrosion. 

While all small arms are kept in the armory every 
cadet has his own rifle and handles no other. 

The impression produced by the inspection leads to 
the belief that the Massachusetts Agricultural College 
is fully complying with the requirements of law.which 
aims, to encourage military instruction at civil in- 
structions, and that in military enthusiasm, drill, disci- 
pline and efficiency its small battalion excels. 

The benefits produced are believed to warrant a 
continuation of the annuity, equipment, the detail of 
an officer and all other aid at present given by the 

United States. 

The officer detailed as commandant, superintends 
all drills and all recitations and lectures upon military 
subjects which number for one year about 150 of one 
hour duration each. 

He has been made very largely responsible for the 
good order of students at all times. He regularly vis- 
its their rooms, inspects and supervises their general 
mess assigns ail students to their rooms, and has 
charge of all persons connected with the police and 
order ot the extensive buildings and of that portion of 
the ground on which they stand. 

He resides near the houses of the president and 
many of the professors about a mile distant from the 
college buildings. There are no quarters on the 

grounds. . . 

The Record Books of property, course of Inspec- 
tion and those showing daily attendance, absentees, 
demerits, etc., are complete and neatly kept. 

Very respectfully. 
G. W. L. Anderson, Capt. Artillery Corps. 



THE WESLEYAN CELEBRATION. 

Massachusetts celebrated her decisive victory over 
Wesleyan In a fitting manner last Saturday evening 
welcoming the victorious eleven home in royal fashion. 
No sooner had the glad tidings come over the wires 
than the bells rang out as never before. Immediately 
after supper the college band assembled in uniform 
and led by the mascots. W. E. Allen and C. H. Griffin 
in fantastic attire, and followed by the entire college in 
column of twos, marched to the centre of the town 
land circled the common. On invitation of the pro- 
prietor, the band here occupied the piazza of the 
^mherrt House, and gave a short but enjoyable con- 
:ert in the interval preceding the arrival of the team. 
U the close. Mr. Kendrick on behalf of a guest, Mrs. 
[Stearns of New York presented the band with the 
sum of twenty-five dollars as a token of his apprecia- 
tion. As the car drew into the square, it was greeted 
nth an enthusiastic shout of " Mass. — Mass. — Mass- 
;husetts ! Rah. rah. rah, rah ! Mass'chusetts! Team, 
learn, team !" It was the first opportunity the college 
lad had of using the new yell in public, but the results 
)f the evening proved its complete superiority. 

With the team transferred to the barge which had 
)een provided, the tour of the town began. For one 
reason and another, many of the professors were out 
)f town. Yet in spite of the lateness of the hour, 
lany obligingly responded to the students' demands, 
'resident Goodell in particular won anew the hearts of 
le students by his ready compliance under trying 
Conditions. Perhaps the most " taking " of all was 
le speech of Prof. Howard. This was so timely 
>nd to the point that we take the liberty of attempting 
quote It. 

"Mr. Captain and members of the football team, 
gentlemen of the Senior Junior and Sophomore classes, 
idies anc gentlemen of the Freshman class, we are 
)ld to • rejoice with them that rejoice.' And so I 
/ould congratulate the team most heartily and I 
fould rejoice with you all. There is every reason 
my we should rejoice. There is the new yell. I 
im glad that at last you have a yell that is a yell, 
"here is the victory of the team itself ; and there is 
four captain, a man unselfish enough to remain on the 
iide lines because he believed that there were better 
len trying for the team. Now there is more than 
rne way in which to rejoice ; this is one way ; but the 



most useful way is for every man who is needed to 
put on a suit every afternoon and give the 'varsity all 
the practice possible. Now, as it is pretty near Sun- 
day I feel tempted to preach a little sermon to the 
team. You know that in football, you must keep 
your head small in order to get through the opposing 
line ; so be careful not to let your heads get so large 
that on next Wednesday and four weeks from to-day 
you can't get through the line. And if you will do 
this, and the students will continue to support you as 
enthusiastically as they have done, I feel very sure 
that on next Wednesday and on the 9th of November 
you will still prove yourselves worthy of the college.'' 
As the procession drew on the campus a huge bon- 
fire previously gathered was lighted and a salute of 
six guns was fired. Captain Paul made a short but 
appropriate speech. At the request of the band, the 
gift received by them earlier in the evening was trans- 
ferred to the football management, and a hearty yell 
given Mrs. Stearns for her generosity. With a yell for 
Ohearn. the hero of the day, and a final yell tor the 
team, the hoarse but happy crowd dispersed, amid 
the roar of a parting salute from the cannon, to 
•'sleep the sleep of the blest " and dream pleasant 
dreams of one of the most eventful days in the annals 
of old Massachusetts, 



LADYBIRDS. 

Doubtless we have all at some time, during our 

childhood days, recited to a very small spotted insect, 

the following rhyme : 

••Lady-bug, Lady-bug, fly away home ; 

Your house is on fire; your children will burn." 

It probably did not occur to us at the time of what 
economic importance the little creature to whom we 
gave the above advice. 

Ladybirds or ladybugs as they are sometimes called 
belong to the family Coccinellidae of the order Cole- 
optera or beetles. These insects of which there are 
fully 2000 species are usually hemispherical In shape, 
and generally red or yellow in color with black spots 
on the wing covers. They multiply rapidly, and with 
few exceptions are predaceous both in the larval and 
adult stages. They feed upon plant lice, scale insects 
and other soft-bodied insects and also upon the eggs 
of some larger species injurious to plants. This fact 
makes them of great value to the horticulturist. The 






20 



AGGIE LIFE 



AGGIE LIFE. 



31 






importation from Australia Into California of a species 
of ladybird known as Vedalia cardinalis has enabled 
fruit-growers there to control the scale insects injuri- 
ous to the orange crop. The larvae of a certain 
species known as •• niggers " by hop growers are 
greatly prized by them as they are very destructive to 
the hop-house. Several species that are included 
under the popular name of the twice-stabbed ladybird 
feed on the San Jose and other destructive scale 

insects. 

An item of Interest in this connection appeared in 
the Springfield Republican of Sept. 30, It was an 
extract from a letter sent by C. P. Lounsbury. '94, 
Government Entomologist. Cape Town, Africa, to F. 
C. Tobey, '95 Mr. Tobey, who has been a teacher 
of' English at Mount Pleasant Military Academy, at 
Sing Sing, N. Y„ and who was engaged during the 
summer in capturing ladybugs and sending them to 
South Africa, has resigned his position as teacher and 
bought an interest in the West Stockbridge Lime 
Company. He is to act as general manager of the 

concern. 

I make the following excerpts from Mr. Lounsbury's 
letter : " Your kind letter of July 22 reached me a 

week ago, the ladybirds getting here two days 

ago. Thanks to good packing and the cold storage, 
they traveled well, the majority reaching here alive. . . 
The species you sent is migilla maculata. This is a 
general aphis feeder, but when the corn is in blossom 
appears to revel in pollen. Earlier in the season my 
impression is, it attends more to its proper business. 
This megilla is the principle specie that one finds in 
masses during the winter, often finding its way into 
attics of houses. These over-wintering specimens lay 
eggs in early May. and the latter recurring specimens 
of the season are descendants. What I particularly 
wanted was the first-appearing specimens. Those 
would have been ready to lay as soon as they got here 
whereas such as are collected in July do not incline to 
breed until the American autumn or perhaps even the 
following spring. I wrote to Frost (H. F. Frost. '95) 
very early in the season, and asked him to turn the 
matter over to Prof. Fernald If he could not give it 
attention. 1 wrote to Prof. Fernald at the time, and 
he answered promising every assistance should Frost 
send him the papers. But unfortunately Harold held off 
until well into June, and then wrote to Prof Fernald, 



not sending the papers but asking assistance. The 
students had then gone, and Fernald himself was just 
about to start for Maine, hence it was that were It 
not for you I would have got no specimens at all. 
We have sent some of our kinds to various parts of 
the world, and expect soon to send a small lot of a 
special breed to Florida. Have had two Californian 

lots this season." 

The above letter is interesting in that it illustrates 
one of the many instances in which Massachusetts men 
are co-operating with one another in the work of aid- 
ing the farmer and fruit grower. 



Collet N°**S- 



—J. H. Knight '05 has left college. 

Everybody out to meet the team to-night ! 

—Michael Ahearn has moved to the plant house. 
— Halligan '03 is showing a sample of a new college 
pin. 

—A good rope lost is the Freshman " Tale of 

Woe." 

—Secretary of State Olin recently visited the 

college. 

—Gov. Crane is expected to visit the college next 

Thursday. 

— F. D. Conden has been suffering from an attack 
of Tonsilitis. 

C. F. Brett recently spent several days at his 

home in Brockton. 

—Mark H. Munson, '00, and N. D. Whitman. '01. 
were recently in town. 

— Neil Monahan is spending a few days at his home 
in South Framingham. 

—The college band rendered Its services at the 
Belchertown cattle-show. 

— H. L. Bodfish has been elected secretary and 
treasurer of the senior class. 

—Charles Kinney and Leander Claflin have been 
spending several days In Boston. 

—Lewis, West, Holcomb and Staples are singing in 
the choir at the Unitarian church. 

—The glee club and choir have been organized 
under the leadership of D. N. West. 



— The Massachusetts foot ball team defeated the 
Putsfield Athletics by a score of 6-0 Oct 5. 

— Quite a large number of students availed them- 
selves of the opportunity to visit the world renowned 
Belchertown fair. 

— Four Bible classes have been organized, one for 
each class. An urgent invitation is given to all students 
to join the classes. 

-Craighead, Patch, Franklin, Brooks. Whitaker 
ind Munson earned the right to the football •• M " in 
the Wesleyan game Saturday. 

— At a mass-meeting of the student body held Oct. 
Dr. J. B. Paige and Prof. S. F. Howard were 
sleeted to membership on the advisory board. 

— Upon close inspection it has been discovered that 
}uite a large number of trees in the college orchard are 
ittack by the San Jose* scale. The trustees have 
jrdered that they shall be burned. 

— A. X. Petit has started a beginner's dancing class 
the drill hall. About twenty students have joined 
lie class. Several have also joined the advanced 
;lass which is held in Red Men's hall. 
— A very interesting program for the Union Lecture 
fcourse is promised for this season. The first enter- 
tainment is to-night, and consists of an illustrated lec- 
ire by the noted traveller and nature-student, Mr. 
frnest Seton-Thompson. 

-In order to gain more time for target practice, 
}e schedule has been temporarily changed. Each 
>mpany now reports for two hours' practice on alter- 
ite drill-days, F. H. Plumb has been put in charge 
the range with O. F. Cooley and C. M. Carter as 
ssistants. Some good scores are reported. 

— The Sophomores recently elected the 1904 Index 
loard as follows : Editor-in-chief. F. Dickinson 

>uden ; business manager. Arthur L. Peck ; asslst- 

»t business manager, R. Raymond Raymoth ; artist, 

lifford A. Tinker ; associate editors, John W. Gregg. 

rnest A. Bach, Clarence H. Griffin, Howard D. 

lewton. 

At the last meeting of the Senate, R. W. Morse 
is elected vice-president. The treas^'T was author- 
ed to collect from the members of the two upper 

isses, a sum sufficient for the purchase of record- 
kks. R. W. Morse, D. N. West and F. D. Couden 



were appointed a committee on college songs. They 
are now considering the matter, and would be glad to 
receive suggestions from all. 

— At the invitation of President Goodell, the Col- 
lege Senate met with a committee of the Faculty 
consisting of Prof. W. P. Brooks. Prof. S. T. May- 
nard. and Dr. H. T. Fernald. at the President's home 
on last Wednesday evening. Several matters of gen- 
eral interest were discussed informally, among others 
the custom of " bolting." A formal understanding on 
this point may be expected soon. 

Athletic No*?s- 



Massachusetts, 6 ; Pittsfeld A. C, 0. 

On Saturday, Oct. 5, the Massachusetts football 
team defeated the Pittsfield Athletic club at Pittsfleld 
by a score of 6-0 in a well played game. In the first 
half Massachusetts had things pretty much Its own way 
and scored one touch down although they had the ball 
on Pittsfield's 10 yard line several times only to lose It 
on fumbles. 

In the second half the Pittsfield team took a decided 
brace and neither side scored. 

O'Hearn won the toss and defended the west goal. 
Bossidy kicks off to Brooks who advances the ball 10 
yards but drops the ball when tackled and Pittsfield 
secured it. Pittsfield was then held for downs and 
with the ball once more in their possession the Mas- 
sachusetts boys carry the ball down the field for a 
touchdown, Monson carrying the ball over. O'Hearn 
kicks goal. Bossidy 's kick off was returned 15 yards 
and on an end run O'Hearn makes 25 more, On 
next play Green breaks through Craighead and tackles 
Whitaker for a loss of two yards. Then by steady line 
bucking the ball was placed on the 15 yard line. 
Here Pittsfield held twice for no gain. O'Hearn 
then tried for a drop kick but failed. 

Bossidy's free kick from the twenty-five yard line 
was returned ten yards by Whitaker. By end runs 
and line plunges the ball was placed on the ten-yard- 
hne but on a fumble. Pittsfield secured the ball. 
Time was then called with ball in Pittsfield's possession 
on their ten yard line. 

Brooks having been hurt in first half was replaced 
by Proulx. 




AGGIE LIFE 



AGGIE LIFE. 



«3 







22 

"Hantaan kicked off to Wilson and the latter returned 
the ball ten yards before being downed. PIttsfleld then 
carried the ball to thecenter of field where they lost .t 

on downs. 

Bodfish then went around the end for a short gain 
Bodfish getting hurt Paul took his place at right half. 
PIttsfleld held and O'Hearn was obliged to punt. The 
ball was returned about five yards- Time was called 
with the ball on Pittsfield's thirty yard line. Line up : 

PlTTFlEl.D A. C. 

r. 6,1 Purches 
r, t., Farrell 



Massachusetts, 
O'Hearn, 1. e. 
Halligan. 1. t. 



r. g.. Green 

c. Downs 

1. g., Callahan 

1. t.. Henry 

1. e.. Nelson 

q, b., Street 

r. h. f.. Duffy 

1. h. f.. Grady 

f. b., Bossidy 



Craighead, 1. g. 
Patch, c. 
Franklin, r. g. 
Snell. r. t. 
McCobb, r. e. 
Brooks, q. b. 
Whitaker. 1. h. f. 

Bodfish. r. h. f. 

Monson, f. b., 

ProuU, q. b. 

^Score-Massachusetts. 6. PIttsfleld L JJwMflJWJ-- 

M?n°on Goal-O'Hearn. Referee- C. L. Rice. Umpire 
W K Henry. Timekeepers-Robert D. Rodgers and E. 
S Gamweil Linesmen-George French and John McEn- 
amy. Time— two 15 min. halves. 

Massachusetts College 6; Wesleyan 0. 
Massachusetts won its third consecutive game Sat- 
urday Oct 12. by defeating Wesleyan University at 
Middletown by the score of 6-0. and the victory was 
celebrated with great enthusiasm. 

It was a humiliating defeat for Wesleyan as she was 
clearly outplayed at all parts of the game and the Mass- 
achusetts boys kept the ball continually in their oppo- 
nent's territory. Although Wesleyan was much heavier 
than their opponents they were unable to make any 
gains or were they able to stop the rushes of the 
Massachusetts backs. Wesleyan receives the kickoff 
and returns the ball about ten yards. By line plunges 
they carry the ball to their forty-five yard line. Wes- 
leyan was here held for downs, after a few line plunges 
which netted the required gain. O'Hearn was then 
given the ball for an end run and with good Interfer- 
ence succeeded In placing the ball behind the goal 
line after a run of fifty yards. O'Hearn then kicks 

goal. 

' Corsaden kicks off to Whitaker who brings the ball 
back ten yards. Then on line plunges by Munson and 



Whitaker and end runs by O'Hearn and Bodfish the 
ball was carried to center of field when time was 

called. 

The second half Wesleyan was hard pressed. Cor- 
saden kicks off and the ball was returned five yards by 
Franklin. By short gains through line and around the 
ends the ball was placed on Wesleyan's 15 yard line. 
Here Wesleyan held and O'Hearn tried a drop kick for 
goal but failed. Wesleyan kicks off from the 25 yard 
line but with the ball on the 35 yard line Wesleyan held 
and O'Hearn makes another try for goal but fails by a 
small margin. Both sides punted freely in this half 
O'Hearn getting a little the better of It. The ball 
was on Wesleyan's 25 yard line when time was called. 

The line up : 

Wesleyan 
Massachusetts. 

Mt , , r. e.. Garrison 

O Hearn, 1. e. r^A. 

„ „ . . r. t., Ackhart, Goode 

Sne "\/ , r. g.. Sullivan 

Franklin, 1. g. 

Pa,ch / C - l.g..Pike 

Craighead, r. g. ^ pay 

mcS:;:!- --^TnC 

q. b.. Nixon 

« r °^K q hf 1. h. f., Corsaden 

Bodftah. r h. f. r . h. f.. Parker 

Whitaker Ih. f. f. b.. Cider 

Munson. f. b. 

Score-Massachusetts. 6. Wesleyan, 0. Touchdowns- 
O'Hearn. Referee-Halligan. Umpire-Yale. Linesmen 
-Wesleyan, Lufkin, Massachusetts. Pierson '01. T.me- 



15 min. halves. 



Alumni. 



'78.— Dr, Brigham is now with the Cornell Incuba- 
tor Co.. Ithaca, N. Y. 

•89 — B. L. Hartwell has been granted a leave of 
absence from the Rhode Island experiment station, 
and he has obtained a fellowship in Chemistry at the 
Graduate school of the University of Pennsylvania. 
Address, 3713 Woodland Ave.. Philadelphia 

'92 -By the kindness of Mr. Hinds. '99. we take 
the pleasure of publishing extracts from letters received 
from Jewell B. Knight who with his wife sailed for 
India during the summer, to take charge of an Agrl^ 
cultural school founded by the British government and 
wealthy New York syndicates. After a very pleasant 
sail of 1 1 days Mr. and Mrs. Knight were landed at 






Tilbury on the Thames and were much surprised to 

be called by name as they reached the gangway of the 

lighter. From Tilbury they proceeded to London by 

rail where they spent some days in visiting the many 

places of interest from thence they went to Paris and 

after doing the town proceeded to Marseilles by rail 

where they embarked on the steamship Persia one of 

the largest in those waters. The journey through the 

Suez canal is described as extremely interesting 

embracing all the advantages of trolly car riding with 

[none of the noise and dust, although as far as the eye 

:ould see there was nothing but sand stretching out 

like a sea and piled in huge drifts like snow. After 

24 hours the canal was passed and from thence to 

|Bombay the voyage was made very unpleasant by 

lonsoons. Landing at Bombay Aug. 23, they pro- 

:eeded to Ahmednagar where they were very cordially 

jreeted by many of their new friends. Mr. Knight is 

tighly pleased with his work and we wish him every 

success. 

'96. — Edmond de Luce of New York city was mar- 
ried to Miss Alfhild Finch Myler of Christiania, Nor- 
/ay. July 6, 1901. 

'97. — C. A. Peters was granted the degree of Ph.D. 
ay Yale University last commencement. He is now 
)rofessor of chemistry and chemist of the experiment 
jtation at the University of Idaho. Address, Moscow, 
Idaho. 

'97. — Herbert J. Armstrong, civil engineer at work 
On joint track elevation, 2476 Archer Ave., Chi- 
»go. III. 

*98.— Geo. H. Wright with Ennis & Stoppani, 
jankers, 34 New St., New York city. Home address. 
18 Fort Green Place, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

'99. — William H. Armstrong who was appointed 
Superintendent of schools at San Juan, Porto Rico, 
>nd whose course last spring with a refractory pupil 
Unwittingly led to a good sized riot, has just received a 
^appointment at a salary of $1400. Mr. Armstrong 
itended to visit his home this season but was pre- 
rented, and instead will spend the remainder of the 
lutumn at Madrid, Spain, taking a course in Spanish. 

'99. — Howard Maynard is with the General Electric 
|D*i Boston. 

'99. — Chas. M. Walker has been recently appointed 
distant state entomologist of New York. He is 
distant to E. P. Felt, Albany, N. Y. 



•00. — Howard C. Baker has been spending the 
summer vacation with Dr. Penniman, D. V. S. Dur- 
ing the doctor's visit to the Pan-American exposition 
Mr. Baker was left in entire charge of the practice. 
He has now returned to finish his course in Veterinary 
Science at the University of Pennsylvania. 

"00. — George F. Parmenter has announced his 
engagement to Miss Martha E. Ellis of Smith Col- 
lege, '00, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. H. G. Ellis of 
West Newton, a trustee of our college. Mr. Parmen- 
ter is an instructor in chemistry in the graduate depart- 
ment under Dr. John E. Bucher at Brown University 
and is also working for the degree of Ph. D. 

•01.— A. C. Wilson with S. 0. Miller, engineer and 
assistant in engineering at Columbia College. 

'01. — We beg to correct a mistake in our last 
issue. Mr Pierson is not In the market gardening 
business and says he has never been in Scltico. He 
is in charge of the carnation department in his father's 
place of business at Cromwell. Conn. 



Depart mfrvf [Sloths. 

BOTANICAL DEPARTMENT. 

The museum in the Botanical building has had a 
new set of cases for the display of specimens, and the 
room has been plastered and painted throughout, add- 
ing greatly to its appearance. At the head of the 
stairway, cases have been arranged along the walls for 
the display of seed specimens. A room on the same 
floor as the museum has been fitted up for post- 
graduate work. 

This year's freshman class are having a new line of 
study in botany. Instead of the structural botany of 
former years, the study of Cryptogams is to be pursued. 

HORTICULTURAL DEPARTMENT. 

A part of the basement under the tool-house is 
undergoing alterations and having an addition made to 
it, in order to make a well-lighted room for grafting 
and making cuttings. This addition to the department 
will be appreciated, as the accommodation for this 
division of the department's work has been far from 
satisfactory. 

W. A. French, of the 1901 short course class, has 
secured an excellent position in New Jersey, superin- 
tending the horticultural work on a large estate. 



24 



AGGIE LIFE. 



B. Ellis Eaton, of the same class, has accepted a 
position In horticulture in Bridgeport, Conn. 

There have been several other calls for competent 
men in this department, which cannot be filled for lack 
of suitable applicants. 



LIBRARY NOTES. 

Physiology of Plants, by D. F. Macdougal. Ph. D., 
director of the laboratories of the New York Botanical 
Garden. The arrangement of the subject in this vol- 
ume is an effort to place before the student a method 
by which a working knowledge of the physiological 
complex of the plant may be acquired. The disposi- 
tion of the subject matter consists in the study of the 
particular functions and properties of the organism, in 
connection with the forces and agencies which influ- 
ence or initiate them, and a consideration of the gen- 
eral processes of plant life. The first portion of the 
book is devoted chiefly to the special forms of irrita- 
bility exhibited by typical organisms, and the second 
part is taken up with a more critical consideration of 
the broader phases of the activity of the plant. A dis- 
cussion of the principles of the subject is interwoven 
with the directions for practical demonstration in order 
to afford means of interpretation of the experimental 
results secured. Dr. Stone of this college revised a 
chapter dealing with the relations of electricity to 
plants, ami outlined some of the experimental work 
upon the same topic. This chapter describes the 
nature of influence of electricity upon plants, measure- 
ment of differences in electric potential, differences in 
potential due to metabolism, differences in potential 
between illuminated and non-illuminated portions of a 
stem, effect of electric current upon streaming move- 
ment of protoplasm, influence of induced current upon 
Mimosa, influence of currents of electricity upon 
growth, direct current ; effects of continuous stimula- 
tion, effects of alternating secondary currents, influ- 
ence of static eleclricity, electrotropism, electrotaxis. 
It is an excellent text-book for the student of botany. 

Methods in Plant Histology, by Charles J. Chamber- 
lain, Ph. D., Instructor in botany in the University of 
Chicago. This volume was published over a year ago 
as a series of articles in the Journal of Applied Micro- 
scopy. The first part of the book deals with the prin- 
ciples of fixing and staining, and the various other 



processes of microtechnique, while in the later char- 
ters these principles are applied to specific cases. 

Animal Behaviour, by C. Lloyd Morgan. F. R. D. 

Blossom Hosts and Insect Guests, by Wiiliam H 
Gibson. An exposition of the method by which flow- 
ers are fertilized. The history of the discovery of the 
method of flower fertilization is first carefully traced 
then the method is worked out and explained in tht 
case of an abstract flower, and the modifications c ; 
the various flower organs due to their adaption to the;- 
insect visitors, by means of natural selection pointe: 
out. The remainder of the book consists of twenty 
five concrete examples of different methods of cross 
fertilization. These examples stand as types of the 
ordinary processes adopted by nature. 



DRAFTING INSTRUMENTS 

DRAWING AND BLUE PBOCB88 PAP1BS, 

SCALES, ANCLES, CURVES ead T BQUARE& 
ABCHITRCT8' AND DBAFTMIH 'S COLORS. 

SCHOOL BOXES WATKR COLORS, 

WHDHOBTH. HOWLRND 4 CO., 

INldltroUATKIl, 

81 ami «4 Washington St., 1 RQAfOH 
lit ami 218 Clarendon St., J 

KiietnH.-, MAI.DKN, MASS. 



GEO. N- LUCIA, 



DKAI.KK IN 



PICTURES, PICTURE FRAMES, 

ARTISTS' MATERIALS, STATIONERY itn.l FANCY QOOt* 
«4- Makes u Specialty of Picture KraitiinR..** 
»» Mais Stkkkt, • 0t*< Memorial Hall. 



FOOT BALL OUTFITS. 




Kit you from hea<l to foot wlilleyou 

■wait. 

Special prices on team order*. 

HINTING CLOTHING. 

(inns, Rllli-M, Pistols, ami Ammunition. 



COLLEGE SIGNAL 



VO 



AMHERST. MASS.. NOVEMBER 6. 1901 



NO. 3 



Published Fortnightly by Students of the Massachusetts Agricultural College. 
Budents and Alumni are requested to contribute. Communications should be addressed. Collbob Signal, Amhbrst, Mass. Thb Signal will be 
to all subscribers until its discontinuance is ordered and arrears are paid. Subscribers who do not receive their paper regularly are requested to 
I the Business Manager. 




BOARD OF EDITORS. 

HOWARD LAWTON KNIGHT. 1902, Editor-in-Chief. 

LEANDER CHAP1N CLAFLIN, 1902, Business Manager. 

WILLIAM ETHERINCTON ALLEN. 1903, Assistant Business Manager. 
VICTOR ADOLPH GATES. 1902. Athletics. CHARLES MILTON KINNEY. 1902, Interco'legUte. 

RICHARD HENDRIE ROBERTSON. 1903. Department Notes. CLAUDE ISAAC LEWIS. 1902. 

NEIL FRANCIS MONAHAN. 1903, College Notes. MYRON HOWARD WEST, 1903, Alumni Notes. 

FAYETTE DICKINSON COUDEN. 1904. ARTHUR LEE PECK, 1904. 



Termss $1.00 per year In adeance. Single Copies, 10c. Pontage outside ol United States and Canada, 2«c. extra. 




. C. A. 

Ball Association, 

e Boarding Club. 

g-Room Association, 



SIGNAL'S DIRECTORY. 

D. N. WEST, Pres. Athletic Association. 

V. A. Gates, Manager. Base-Bal! Association. 

C. P. Halligan, Sec. Nineteen Hundred and Three Index, 

J.C. Hall, Sec. Fraternity Conference, 



Prof. R. E. Smith, Sec. 
V. A. Gates, Manager. 
G. L. Barms, Manager. 
H. L. Knight, Pres. 



Entered at the Pott Office as second-class mall matter. 



-.. 



Edi-tb rials. 



frm our game with Amherst on next Saturday 
afternoon, our football season for 1901 will come to 
an end. In the past few weeks the management has 
had much with which to contend. The schedule, 
carefully prepared though it was. has through no fault 
of our | been almost ruined by repeated cancelling of 
dates by opposing teams. As a result the team has 
been obliged to struggle along with what little practice 
could be obtained from a varying and far inferior 
scrub Deprived of our coach after the first week, we 
were unable to secure a successor till it was too late 
to qlcure much improvement. To complete our mis- 
fortunes, accidents have multiplied of late, till we now 
arepbliged to face our most important game with a 
team composed largely of substitutes and sorely in 
need of adequate practice. Judging from the records 



;4I MAIN STKI' I I 



GYMNASIUM SUITS. 

*,.,., i„i toatgaa Bii.i nil colors for Laui« of the two teams and their relative opportunities for 

____ m * Boy«. devel pment, conditions are not as favorable as could 

befcped for. Yet it has been characteristic of our 
'' teams to make 

SPRINGFIELD, MAS.' 



hopeless conditions ; and we still have confidence that 
our team may be depended upon to do all that can 
reasonably be expected. 



The many changes In educational methods of late 
years are forcibly illustrated by the rise and develop- 
ment of the Correspondence Schools. These have 
started from small beginnings in the simpler branches 
of instruction and have expanded in scope till they now 
include almost every phase of learning. One of the 
more enterprising, the Home Correspondence School 
of Springfield, has recently added complete courses 
along the lines of agricultural education to Its curricu- 
lum. Their text-book on agriculture from the pen of 
Prof. W. P. Brooks of this college has just been issued 
in three practical and comprehensive volumes. It Is 
hoped that in a short time the manager will be able to 
so extend their courses as to enable a young man of 
limited means to take from one to two years of a col- 
lege course at home, thus reducing the expense to 
such an extent that many otherwise debarred from a 
leir best showing under well-nigh college training will gain many of its benefits.